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Types of Millets in India

India, a country well-known for its long history of agriculture, has always grown a vast range of crops. Because of their high nutritional value, ability to adapt to a wide range of climatic conditions and involvement in sustainable agriculture, millets are one of these crops that have grown to be rather significant. There are different types of millet in India, such as finger Millet, Browntop Millet, Amaranth Millet, kodo millet, pearl millet, foxtail millet, sorghum millet, proso millet, buckwheat millet, barnyard millet, and little millet.

Types of Millets in india

Types of Millets in India

Millets come in a variety of shapes and varieties. With the right cultivation and harvesting techniques, it can be produced and harvested anywhere in the world. The demand for millet has surged as a result of the agriculture industry because of its affordability and high nutritional value for humans. Let’s look at a few types of millets in India and their varieties in detail.

Finger Millet

In India, finger millet is commonly referred to as ragi. Ragi millet is well-liked for its dietary advantages. Ragi flakes are mostly used in infant feeds and are one of the most widely produced millets in India.

Browntop Millet

Grown in Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka, browntop millet is also called korale. It is a superb source of antioxidants, dietary fiber, and protein. In addition to being used to make dosas, idlis, and upmas, korale thickens soups and stews.

Amaranth Millet

Rajgira, another name for Amarnath, is a fantastic place to get dietary fiber and protein. It is great as part of a well-balanced diet. This millet also helps to prevent graying and hair loss. Additionally, amaranth lowers cholesterol and lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease. It’s packed with vitamins, minerals, and calcium.

Kodo Millet

A digestible variety of millet with a higher lecithin content is called Kodo millet. It supports the strengthening of the nervous system. Kodo is particularly high in niacin, folic acid, and B6, as well as other B vitamins and other vitamins and minerals. Minerals, including calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, and zinc, are present in it. Because it is a gluten-free millet, it is great for those who have a gluten sensitivity. It can address cardiovascular issues like high blood pressure and cholesterol when postmenopausal women take it regularly.

Pearl Millet

This crop is known as bajra in India, where it is mostly produced in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Haryana.

Foxtail Millet

Italian millet, or foxtail millet, is often grown in a semi-arid climate. In India, this kind of millet has a relatively short growth season.

Sorghum Millet

In India, it’s frequently referred to as Jowar. Maharashtra and Karnataka are the two states in India that produce the most sorghum. Some sorghum varieties are used to make ethanol.

Proso Millet

This grain is primarily found in the drier parts of Asia, Australia, Africa, Europe, and North America. It is also known as broom corn millet. It takes very little water to grow this crop.

Buckwheat Millet

One of the most often consumed types of millet is buckwheat, which is also referred to as kuttu in India and is often eaten during the Navratra fasting period. It is suitable for diabetics and decreases blood pressure. It is good for your heart, and if you want to reduce weight, you should put it in your diet. Buckwheat also protects against breast cancer, gallstones, and childhood asthma.

Barnyard Millet

Sanwa, also referred to as barnyard millet, is grown in areas like Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, and Haryana that receive little rainfall. It has high protein, fiber, and minerals like phosphorus and calcium. Sanwa is frequently used to make sweet dishes like kheer as well as khichdi, pulao, and upma.

Little Millet

This millet is easy to cultivate, regardless of drought or waterlogging. This variety of millet is typically found in India’s Eastern Ghats.

Barnyard Grass Millet

Barnyard grass millet is cultivated throughout India, primarily in Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Karnataka. It is an excellent source of iron, vital amino acids, and dietary fiber. Oodalu is a common ingredient in recipes calling for rice, and it’s used to make upma, idlis, and dosas.

Also, read: Poha calories per 100g

Importance of Millets

We have enumerated the significance of millets here. These are the following:

  • Nutritional Value: Millets are rich in protein, fiber, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. They offer several health advantages, including stronger immunity, a decreased risk of chronic illnesses, and better digestion.
  • Climate Resilience: Millets can withstand a wide range of climates, including regions that are prone to drought. They are a sustainable crop option since they use little water and have strong pest and disease resistance.
  • Food Security: A staple of Indian traditional diets, millet is essential to maintaining food security. They provide an affordable source of nutrients, particularly for those living in rural areas.
  • Alternatives Without Gluten: A number of millet types are inherently gluten-free, which makes them a great option for people who have gluten intolerance or celiac disease.
  • Soil Health: It is well known that millets can improve soil health and reduce soil erosion. Their shallow root system keeps nutrients from being lost and contributes to the richness of the soil.

Also, read: Poha calories per 100g

FAQ

Ques: What are the 12 types of millets?

Ans: List of Types of Millets: Finger Millet (Ragi); Browntop Millet (Korle); Barnyard Millet (Sanwa); Pearl Millet (Bajra); Foxtail Millet (Kakum/Kangni); Sorghum Millet (Jowar); Proso Millet

Ques: How many types of millets are available in India?

Ans: Pearl millet (Bajra), Finger millet (Ragi), Foxtail millet (Kangni), Proso millet (Chena), Kodo millet (Kodon), Little millet (Kutki), and Barnyard millet (Sanwa) are a few of the millets that are available. Each of these millets offers special advantages for the environment and nutrition.

Ques: Can we eat millet in the evening or at night?

Ans: While millet can be eaten any time of day, it is best when it is consumed in the morning, midday, and evening. Millet should ideally be consumed in moderation; three or four times a week is excellent. It is not advised, therefore, for those who are hypothyroid.

Ques: Can I eat millet every day?

Ans: Can one eat millet every day? A. You may benefit from substituting millet for your regular rice intake. It has a high fiber content, minimal calories and sugar content, and essential protein.

Ques: Who should not eat millet?

Ans: Millets also contain goitrogens, which may lessen but not entirely eliminate the iodine’s ability to be absorbed. Therefore, people who have hypothyroidism should avoid eating millet.

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